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Posts Tagged ‘“The Impact of Wikipedia”’

The Impact of Wikipedia: Mike Cline

Wikpedia contributor Mike Cline discusses Yellowstone, fly fishing and the value of volunteerism on Wikipedia.

Vietnam vet, 28-year veteran of the U.S. Air Force, Counterintelligence Officer–it’s safe to say that Mike Cline is a not a slouch. The 65-year old resident of Bozeman, Montana retired as a Lieutenant Colonel in 1996, and although he is busy working in a strategy consulting business, he has found time to be an active Wikipedia contributor, with over 500 articles and 37,000-plus edits.

“Wikipedia is a unique way to volunteer—it’s also a great way to learn how to read, write, solve problems, and collaborate,” he said. “It’s a free engine to practice your communication skills.”

Wikipedia also affords Cline the opportunity to expound on his two greatest passions: the outdoors and fly fishing. Growing up in Pasadena, California, Cline was nestled right up against the San Gabriel Mountains. It was there that he developed a deep love and appreciation of the great outdoors, a subject on Wikipedia that he has contributed to extensively with his writings on the history of fly fishing and Yellowstone, among others.

“Even though I was growing up in a relatively urban environment, hiking in the mountains and fishing or catching snakes was very natural to me,” he explained. “My mother introduced me to fly fishing and I’ve been tying flies since I was 13-years old. Eventually, I started buying books about fly fishing and fly fishermen, and I have a library of about 600 books of fly fishing literature. It’s a wonderful history and the perfect place to write about that is Wikipedia.

Cline explained that it’s not as popular as American football, but it has “a lot of nuance to it. Plus, it’s a wonderful escape, great exercise, and when you’re wading knee-deep trying to catch fish, it’s about as close to nature as you can get!”

Cline spends 25 to 30 days a year in Yellowstone National Park, and he has written extensively on the park’s vegetation, trails and geography. “Writing about Yellowstone in Wikipedia allows you to get into the details, the intimate details, if you will, of exactly how the park was originally explored,” he said.

“I often take the same path that the Langford-Peterson expeditions took across the Gardner River and into Yellowstone for the first time in 1870. Even today, you can stand there and look one way to the north and you see Gardner and Electric Mountain, which wasn’t named in 1870, and you stand and look south to Rescue Creek, and it looks exactly the same as it did in 1870. It’s fascinating because there’s a connection of studying the history, being able to write about it, and actually experiencing it.”

It might seem that Cline’s obsession with the outdoors would run counter to sitting in front of a computer screen typing out articles and making edits. Not so, he said. “When I was in the Air Force, they put a computer on my desk in 1983 and said, ‘Here, use this as a tool.’ I’ve been using computers as a tool ever since. Wikipedia is nothing more than an opportunity to contribute to knowledge of things that I’m interested in, and it’s via the tool of computing.”

For Cline, Wikipedia’s non-profit status is key to its mission, and he feels that being unconstrained by the binds of share price and earning statements is the only way Wikipedia can flourish. “Wikipedia’s not out there trying to build up equity that somebody owns and puts in their pocket as profit, and I think that is very liberating,” he said. “Besides, volunteerism is important in the world, and Wikipedia is a unique way to volunteer 24/7. It’s not only a way to give back, but it’s fun as well.”

Profile by Darrin Fox, Communications Intern
Interview by Victor Grigas, Visual Storyteller

The Impact of Wikipedia: Benoit Rochon

Benoit Rochon wants more Quebecers to edit French Wikipedia

When Benoit Rochon organized his first event for Wikipedia, he didn’t anticipate the arrival of one unwelcome guest. Rochon had organized a Wikimedia Commons photo event on August 28th of 2011 in order to illustrate Wikipedia articles about Montreal. However, it was on this same day that Hurricane Irene hit Montreal.

“Irene,” Rochon laughed, “I’ll remember that name all my life.” Despite the onset of the hurricane, 110 tenacious participants of the anticipated 300 arrived. “People were running in the rain, in the hurricane by car, some by walk, and just to pick up pictures.” Rochon said. “People are courageous, honestly, they were crazy. [M]ost of them never edited [Wikipedia before] and they just show up and a hurricane was there.”

The event resulted in 5700 uploads to the French Wikipedia. And, while Hurricane Irene may have threatened to destroy his event, it did not quash his enthusiasm. In many ways, the event was a success for Rochon, who hopes to expose Wikipedia to more Quebecers.

Rochon explained that he wants “to make French-Canadians shine on the French Wikipedia, because French Wikipedia is for France, or Switzerland, Belgium, and French-Canadians are a little bit forgotten in there. I want French-Canadians [to be] more known.”

“[French Canadians] speak traditional French,” he said. “And we represent 23 percent of the population in Canada.” But, despite representing nearly a quarter of Canada’s population, Rochon said, “[we] are forgotten, a little bit.”

And yet for Rochon, the beauty of Wikipedia is its unique ability to transcend the barriers presented by language.“I feel like I’m doing something great on Wikipedia,” he said. “It’s free to read, it’s free to write, and it’s the world’s knowledge in one website in 250 languages. I mean, tell me another website who is like Wikipedia and this is what people should care about?”

Profile by Zoe Bernard, Communications Intern
Interview by Victor Grigas, Visual Storyteller

The Impact of Wikipedia: Salah Almhamdi

Salah Almhamdi found Wikipedia to be an important source of information during The Arab Spring.

Throughout the Arab Spring in 2011, Wikipedia served as a reliable source of information for up to date information about the protests occurring in countries such as Tunisia and Egypt. Protesters uploaded pictures of the events onto Wikimedia Commons, while many users outside of the affected countries updated the related articles on Wikipedia to manage the influx of information coming out everyday.

For Tunisian Wikipedian Salah Almhamdi, the Arab Spring made him more aware of Wikipedia’s online presence and its ability to provide a cooperative, open-source experience.

Almhamdi first learned about Wikipedia as a student in 2003, when he would use the online encyclopedia for research. A few years later, he began editing articles. It wasn’t until the Arab Spring, however, that he took a more active role as an editor.

“After the Arab Spring, and during it, I started the article of Wael Ghonim,” said Almhamdi. “He’s the Googler, the Egyptian visionary and activist.”

Almhamdi credits Wikipedia for being one of the few safe havens online, where users could engage in political discourse without the threat of government interference in pre-revolution Tunisia. “The government doesn’t track the first one who edited the website, and so sometimes it’s semi-hidden,” explained Almhamdi.

He offered his reasoning as to why the Arab Spring sparked his interest in writing more articles on Wikipedia. He explained the difficulty in discussing political issues openly prior to the Revolution in Tunisia. “We used to follow the news of the Middle East and the other regions and to give our opinions on it,” said Almhamdi, “But we didn’t follow our domestic issues, related to politics, because it was risky at the time.” He added, “I’m more politicized now, actually. It’s a general trend in the region.”

In addition to serving as a source for information, Almhamdi described how Wikipedia’s open-source platform can be used as a model for creating a more transparent government in post-revolution Tunisia. “In making the societies more open, people will have more open mentalities and will have more information and that will have an effect on society and on government also,” said Almhamdi.

“There is a collaborative wiki website about the constitution because now we are writing the constitution,” he added. “so anyone can for example, a citizen can have a voice and say what does he want to see in the constitution.”

Profile by Jawad Qadir, Communications intern
Interview by Victor Grigas, Visual Storyteller

The Impact of Wikipedia: Q Miceli

Q Miceli contributes articles about baking to Wikipedia.

“Volunteering has always been important to me,” said 22-year old Wikipedian Q Miceli. “I believe volunteering generates good karma because it benefits more than just myself.”

Miceli, who hails from Byram, New Jersey, began her journey on Wikipedia when she researched a “tree of life” project for her 9th grade biology class. As time went on, she found herself becoming an active contributor and editor, most notably during her years at Princeton University, where she studied religion and was a Wikipedia campus ambassador, organizing and hosting the school’s first Wikipedia edit-a-thon.

“The purpose of an edit-a-thon is to educate new users about how to navigate Wikipedia and how to write a good article,” she explained. “It’s also to increase the amount of articles on Wikipedia or to make them better, fix links, and do various other types of clean up.”

Two years ago, Miceli decided to become vegan in order to put into practice the mantra of “do less harm.” As she started down the path, she quickly found that Wikipedia was an indispensable ally.

“Using Wikipedia has often helped me figure out the source of foods that I’m eating,” she explains. “For example, I learned about quinoa on Wikipedia. Since I’m gluten intolerant, I found quinoa to be a godsend because it’s a gluten free grain—actually it’s from the goosefoot plant so it’s a grass—I learned that on Wikipedia.”

As an avid baker, Miceli dreams of one day opening her own vegan, gluten-free bakery. She also contributes to many Wikipedia articles on baking, which she hopes will be useful to other interested in the craft.

“Writing about baking affects the greater good because everyone needs to eat and bread is the staff of life,” she explains. “I have found Wikipedia articles explaining the science behind baking better than many cookbooks! I’m also able to learn about the cultural aspect of what I’m eating with Wikipedia. Ultimately, I get to write about what I’m passionate about and I get to educate other people about it. Hopefully someone can use some of that knowledge to do good things where they are.”

Profile by Darrin Fox, Communications intern
Interview by Victor Grigas, Visual Storyteller

The Impact of Wikipedia: David Shankbone

David Shankbone’s photos are on more than 5,000 Wikipedia articles

For Wikimedian David Shankbone, contributing to a Wikipedia article isn’t just about the words, it’s about the complete picture. Although he does edit text, his primary contribution is his photos, which illustrate over five thousand articles on Wikipedia.

“People are supposed to be able to have access to knowledge and that’s not just written text,” he said. “So you should be able to go to an article and not only be able to read about something, you should also be able to see it, you should also be able to hear it and you should also be able to watch it. That should be the end goal of any article on Wikipedia.”

Shankbone’s first contributions to Wikipedia were during law school. He couldn’t afford textbooks and noticed fellow students were relying on Wikipedia for summaries of legal cases. At that point he took his education outside of the classroom, and as he noted, “I started editing the caseloads on Wikipedia, and I began photographing and meeting very famous lawyers for Wikipedia.”

After law school he first started to contribute his photos to Wikipedia, but it wasn’t until the implementation of the Creative Commons license that he began to take his photographic contributions more seriously.

Shankbone explains that Wikipedians started enforcing the Creative Commons license, which meant copyright images were being removed, returning some articles back to their image-free state.

So Shankbone went out with his 2.3 megapixel point and shoot and started to capture images that he could contribute to Wikipedia under the Creative Commons license. At first he wasn’t focused on the technical aspects of the photos he took, “When I started to shoot it was more about the experience of showing up and taking the photographs than it was about the actual product.” But over the years, he concentrated on learning from the professionals he was shooting next to, and Warhol photographer Billy Name became a mentor. “I have some bad stuff from the early days, but I feel like over the years I really improved, and I’m proud of the work that I put out.”

In addition to contributing to Wikipedia, he is also an accredited reporter for English Wikinews, a free-content news source wiki. “I felt compelled to contribute to it cause I was already meeting people that were notable and taking their photographs, and I also sort of wanted to start just asking them questions,” he said. Shankbone has contributed forty articles to Wikinews on a variety of topics and he has interviewed some notable figures including a president of Israel, three Republican presidential candidates and Al Sharpton.

According to Shankbone, his contributions are about leaving a legacy. “I do have the desire to do something that outlives myself and something that somehow betters the world, at least more than I found it,” he explained.

Shankbone credits Wikipedia with providing him the platform to pass on his knowledge. “People should care about Wikipedia because it is the only way for you to contribute your knowledge and to actually examine reality. It used to be that people, unless they were a reporter, were just passive consumers of information, whereas Wikipedia teaches you to critically think about things.”

Profile by Alice Roberts, Communications Intern
Interview by Victor Grigas, Visual Storyteller

The Impact of Wikipedia: Ganesh Paudel

Ganesh Paudel discusses his contributions to Nepalese Wikipedia

Ganesh Paudel, a journalist from Nepal, began contributing to English Wikipedia in 2004 as a way to disseminate accurate information about the politics in his country. After discovering that Wikipedia was available in his own language, he realized the immense potential that the online encyclopedia has for developing content for languages that are underrepresented online.

Beginning with an entry on his village, Paudel aimed at increasing the amount of content available in Nepalese Wikipedia, which had 2,500 articles at the time he started. “When I joined, I thought many things, many topics are lacking there, so I didn’t know from where they start,” said Paudel. “So I just started from making introduction about many places and villages of my country.”

In a country as diverse as Nepal, Paudel had the challenge of creating and overseeing content in multiple languages. He explained that such material online would otherwise be sorely missed without Wikipedia. “There are more than 120 living languages,” he said, “So if a very small user base for a language can find their content in any online or Internet site, then they are very happy and that helps to develop their culture and their many things and it helps them to introduce themselves to the rest of the world.”

Paudel credits the open and collaborative nature at the heart of Wikipedia for being the source of increased content in Nepalese. “The most beautiful thing of Wikipedia is it is open source and anybody can use and reuse the content,” he said. “I found many Wikipedians are interested in writing about their own stories and their surroundings and the things of their interest.”

Given his background as a journalist, Paudel originally struggled with the thought of collaborating with other users, instead opting to write complete articles on his own. “I just focused to write full articles,” he explained. “But, afterwards, I learned that one person can’t write a full article. The editing is always open in Wikipedia, so after that I just started with an intro, and many people began to contribute on it.”

Paudel hopes that the growth of the Nepalese Wikipedia can be recreated with other minority languages of Nepal. Already, Paudel has overseen the creation of Wikipedia for three additional languages spoken in the country.

“There are also nearly eight languages on pipeline that are in incubation and the communities are interested to bring out those languages from incubation, so long live Wikipedia!” he exclaimed.

Profile by Darrin Fox, Communications Intern, Wikimedia Foundation
Interview by Victor Grigas, Visual Storyteller, Wikimedia Foundation 

The Impact of Wikipedia: Srikeit Tadepalli and Noopur Raval

Srikeit Tadepalli and Noopur Raval, friends and Wikimedians

Contributing to Wikipedia is more than just editing for Srikeit Tadepalli and Noopur Raval, it’s about giving back by spreading the word about the movement. Although, Tadepalli and Raval are active editors, they primarily focus their efforts on community outreach within India.

Tadepalli began editing Wikipedia in 2005 while still in high school. His first entry was deleted as a copyright violation, but he was not deterred and he applied himself to understand Wikipedia’s guidelines and principles. Within the year, he became an administrator and quickly took to behind-the-scenes work, resolving disputes and fighting vandals.

He credits Wikipedia with helping him get into university. “I was given admission on a special merit, based on my Wikipedia contributions,” he said. He also noted that he was able to complete his MBA, which he said he “could have never dreamed of doing, considering my academic record before, so Wikipedia has saved my career.”

Already friends with Tadepalli before becoming a Wikipedian, Raval joined the movement as a “result of one of [Tadepalli's] outreach programs,” she explained. Raval is a PhD student in cinema studies. She attended a Wikipedia meet-up with Tadepalli in 2007, but didn’t start contributing until 2011. “GLAM was [my] entry back into Wikipedia, but then I started editing a lot as well,” she said. As part of GLAM, or Galleries Libraries Archives Museums, Raval has “a partnership with the National Crafts Museum in New Delhi,” where she works alongside museum staff editing articles about art objects and folk art of India in both Hindi and English.

Srikeit and Noopur at Wikimania 2012

Srikeit and Noopur at Wikimania 2012

In addition to GLAM, her most treasured contribution to Wikipedia is an article on the Kanchipuram Sari, which turned out to be a “personal journey,” explained Raval. “I started discovering which villages make it, how do they make [it], from which I jumped to the problems that the Kanchipuram Sari industry is facing.” Both Raval and Tadepalli credit Wikipedia with helping them learn more about their country and culture.

For the two Wikimedians, outreach comes in many different forms. From wearing a Wikipedia T-shirt to organizing a campus-wide meet-up, they have managed to get a lot of young Indians involved and contributing. Although each outreach session doesn’t provide a 100 percent retention rate, every new editor makes a difference. “A lot of them may not be receptive, but there is always the success rate. If you have a talk [with] 50 people and maybe 10 people will remember what you said, and 4 people might just come back. So it’s for those 4 people that we do stuff,” said Tadepalli.

Closing the gender gap and the knowledge gap related to Indian culture are the primary goals of their outreach. “This is the perfect time when people are going to be using Wikipedia to find out more about everything relating to India and the world. It’s about covering those tiny loopholes and gaps which have not been touched yet,” explained Raval, “If you aren’t representing something or writing about something, it probably means that it’s not noteworthy enough, which is not true.”

“Indians by themselves are represented as a minority in the Wikipedia community. Women are also a small, even smaller representative section. So I think it is very important for women to come in and have their voices heard as well. Because we need a balance on Wikipedia,” said Tadepalli.

Pointing to the famous Wikipedia globe logo of interlocking puzzle pieces, Tadepalli siad, “Each of us holds one puzzle piece from our part of information, we put it together and it grows, but we can never have all the puzzle pieces together, because all the information in the world continues to be generated and you can never have all of it together.” He said it is their social obligation to add their piece of the puzzle to Wikipedia.

For Tadepalli and Raval, “Wikipedia’s mission is to ensure the sum of all human knowledge is accessible freely to every single person on the planet. And this mission, although it seems large and unrealistic, Wikipedia is probably the closest anyone has ever gotten to realizing it.”

Profile by Alice Roberts, Communications Intern
Interviews by Aaron Muszalski and Dan McSwain

The Impact of Wikipedia: visual storytelling

(This video is part of a series produced for this year’s Wikimedia Foundation fundraiser. You can also view this video on Youtube.)

A montage video, Impact of Wikipedia, part of a series showcasing Wikimedians.

Every year for a handful of weeks in November and December, the Wikimedia Foundation has traditionally asked Wikipedia users to support the 5th largest website in the world with whatever donation they felt appropriate. The fundraising banners on the top of Wikipedia bring in the resources needed to keep the Wikimedia projects freely available to everyone in their own language and they guarantee that the sites will not have to rely on advertising.

Building on the effort last year to feature Wikipedia editors and contributors in fundraising appeals, the Foundation has produced a series of videos that dive deeper into what inspires these volunteers to improve the Wikimedia sites. These videos are replacing the fundraising banners today as part of a thank you campaign to everyone who has supported Wikipedia.

The interview footage for the videos was shot by a film crew at the 2012 Wikimania Conference this past July in Washington, D.C. Leading the crew was the Wikimedia Foundation’s Visual Storyteller, Victor Grigas, who is a filmmaker by training and has been a Wikipedia editor since 2005.

With the videos, Grigas said he hoped to show a personal side to Wikimedia and the process of why volunteers edit or donate their time. He found that the reasons editors cited for contributing ranged from wanting to share a love of baking, to an interest in white water kayaking, to a desire to create a more open society where information is available to everyone for free.

“Everybody is a nerd about something, and this is an outlet to express yourself in a way that deeply and profoundly influences other people,” Grigas said.

Finding Wikipedians amid the crowd of over 1000 attendees at Wikimania was an involved process. Grigas and his team reached out to editors through their userpages on Wikipedia and they set up a recruitment table in the conference cafeteria.

The team converted a number of hotel rooms near the conference site into mini studios, shooting each interview on two digital SLRs at different angles and focal lengths. They recorded with professional sound equipment, and to accentuate the interview subjects, they used light kits and shot against white paper backgrounds. In all, Grigas and his team conducted on-camera interviews with approximately 100 Wikipedians, capturing over 120 hours of footage.

“I started with a 20 minute cut that became a 6 minute cut and now the final version is just over 4 minutes,” explained Grigas of the video above. “One hundred plus hours of footage cut down to 4 minutes.”

In editing, Grigas chose to intersperse the wide-angle secondary camera footage with the primary camera so the audience could catch a glimpse of how they staged the sets. “I like the behind-the-scenes thing because Wikipedia is all about that,” explained Grigas. “Being behind the scenes allows anybody else to be able to see what equipment was used to make this, and then they can replicate it themselves too.”

In order to make the videos as widely accessible as possible and keep the focus on the editors’ stories, he elected to leave out music. “First of all, I’ll spend a lot of time trying to find music that fits the right mood. Then music has cultural baggage attached to it. I’m going to reach less people,” said Grigas. “I wanted people with a critical mind to be able to judge it and tear it apart and not feel like there’s music manipulating them.”

Grigas added, “Also I love remix culture and I thought I’d release something with a clean dialogue track that people could easily remix and sample. I’d love to hear a Bassnectar track or something that uses these sounds.”

The videos were fine-tuned using an array of software, including the open-source audio editor, Audacity. Grigas said the audio mixing process was streamlined thanks to the program and its ability to easily analyze and remove room tone from the soundtrack.

To help localize the videos, Grigas has provided English subtitles to his cuts and he’s hoping to get help from the large community of volunteer translators who work on Wikimedia projects. “Captions in multiple languages are something that we now have the ability to crowd-source with the new HTML5 video player. I’d love to see the community help to translate these short videos into their local languages,” he said.

Though the videos were part of the fundraiser and were originally meant to encourage contributions, Grigas is hopeful they also humanize the editing process. The videos, he said, do “a great job of explaining how Wikipedia functions and how it is generated, but he wants “people to learn something about the movement and about Wikipedia and then as time goes on, maybe they will donate potentially in the future.”

Interview and profile by Jawad Qadir, Communications Intern

The Impact of Wikipedia: Andrea Zanni

(This video is part of a series produced for this year’s Wikimedia Foundation fundraiser. You can also view this video on YouTube.)

Andrea Zanni discusses the power of serendipity

Andrea Zanni is a digital librarian at the University of Bologna, where he promotes and disseminates the institution’s 16 open-access journals, and provides access to digitized historic books by compiling metadata, uploading new scans, and running optical character recognition (OCR) software. He integrates the university’s free content into various WikiProjects and publishes documents to WikiSource. In addition to his contributions to the projects, Andrea is the project coordinator of Wikimedia Italia, the Italian chapter of the Wikimedia movement.

We recently ran an in-depth profile of Andrea that you can read in Italian and English here.

Matthew Roth, Global Communications Manager

The Impact of Wikipedia: Ravan Jaafar Altaie

(This video is part of a series for this year’s Wikimedia Foundation fundraiser. You can also view this video on YouTube.)

Ravan Jaafar Altaie and the impact she has had on the world through editing Wikipedia.

Like so many other Wikipedians, Ravan Jaafar Altaie was inspired to edit Wikipedia as a way to learn more about the world around her. As a native of Iraq, she also hoped to make a difference for Arabic speakers by expanding content on Arabic Wikipedia.

After frequenting the online encyclopedia as a reader for several years, Altaie was encouraged to try her hand at editing in 2008, when she heard about the “Add to humanity, add to Wikipedia” initiative started in Egypt. “That was the first time that I was aware that you can really edit Wikipedia instead of just consuming the information and using it for yourself,” said Altaie. “So once I heard about this, five minutes later I registered in Wikipedia and I started editing it.”

When describing one of her first editing experiences, Altaie was impressed by the collaborative spirit of the encyclopedia and by its immense reach. “I started many articles. One of them, I think it was about a lady, called Mariam Nour. So, and this was my first article. So I forget about it. Maybe two or three years later, I was having some time in Wikipedia, I passed by this article. I was shocked. It was grown!” she exclaimed. She said more than 100,000 people had read the article, which astonished her.

“You feel like you affected and influence more than 100,000 people. I think this is a very amazing thing.”

According to Altaie, editing an article allows a user to take time to research a specific topic or area of interest. She explained that by providing information to others by editing an article, an editor is discovering and learning new information at the same time. This perspective has motivated her to research and write about such diverse topics as the moons of Jupiter, the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci and the Arab Spring.

“There is always something new to write about,” explained Altaie. “If I want to know some information about some subject  — I don’t know anything about it — I start an article because I will search for the sources.”

Altaie finds motivation in the hope that knowledge can be spread in the Arab world through Wikipedia and she has attempted to help bridge the educational gap between the developed and developing world. “I think Wikipedia gave me this chance to really make a huge difference in the world,” she said. “I don’t know if you know this — information in the Arab world has been censored for many decades. So it’s really great to have free knowledge and free information given for people with reliable sources, with a great group of people reviewing this information.”

As more and more users turn to Arabic Wikipedia, editors like Altaie aim to increase the content, either by translating existing pages from other languages, or by creating original articles. The importance of such a source was illustrated by the widespread reliance on Wikipedia for reliable information during the Arab Spring when Altaie and her fellow Arabic-speaking Wikipedians provided day-to-day coverage of the events.

According to her, the significance of an online tool like Wikipedia is limitless. She said that by providing a means to make a change for the better, Wikipedia can serve as an investment in the future collective knowledge of the world.

“This is the best investment you are doing because you are affecting yourself, your children, the coming generation to have a free source, a free knowledge, an amazing encyclopedia, affecting all the fields of their life,” she said. “It’s like an investment for your future and for your children’s future.”

Profile by Jawad Qadir, Communications Intern
Interview by Victor Grigas, Visual Storyteller